Today is Saturday, September 28, the 271st day of 2013. There are 94 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1066 – William, duke of Normandy, invades England and claims the English throne.
1542 – Portuguese navigator Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo arrives at present-day San Diego.
1687 – Turks surrender Athens to Venetians, but retake it a year later.
1716 – Treaty of Hanover between England and France leads to Triple Alliance with Holland.
1781 – American forces, backed by a French fleet, begin the siege of Yorktown Heights, Virginia, during the Revolutionary War.
1787 – Congress votes to send the just-completed U.S. Constitution to state legislatures for their approval.
1850 – Flogging is abolished as a form of punishment in the U.S. Navy.
1915 – British defeat Turks at Kut-el-Amara in Mesopotamia.
1920 – A grand jury indicts eight members of the Chicago White Sox baseball team, accused of throwing the 1919 World Series and dubbed the “Black Sox.”
1924 – Two U.S. Army planes land in Seattle, Washington, completing the first round-the-world flight in 175 days.
1939 – Germany and Soviet Union agree on a plan to partition Poland.
1941 – Nazi German terror campaign begins in Czechoslovakia.
1950 – Indonesia is admitted to United Nations.
1958 – The new 5th Republican French Constitution is approved.
1961 – Syrian army officers lead a rebellion against Egyptian domination of the Syrian Region of the United Arab Republic because of the nationalization and socialization programs Egypt was trying to implement.
1965 – A volcano 55 kilometers (35 miles) south of Manila in Philippines erupts, killing at least 184 people.
1970 – President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt dies of a heart attack. Anwar Sadat replaces him.
1972 – Japan and Communist China agree to re-establish diplomatic relations.
1977 – Japanese terrorists hold 156 hostages on hijacked Japanese airliner at Dhaka, Bangladesh.
1980 – Iran rejects U.N. Security Council resolution to end the war with Iraq, stating Iraq was violating its territorial sovereignty and fomenting rebellion among Iran’s minority population in the Khuzistan and Kurdistan provinces.
1984 – Indian authorities order temporary closure of Sikh shrine Golden Temple in Amritsar.
1987 – India and Sri Lanka’s Tamil guerrilla group, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, agree to an accord that gives the Tigers a council majority to administer the semiautonomous northern and eastern provinces in Sri Lanka.
1990 – Three Philippine military officers and 13 soldiers are convicted and sentenced to life in prison for the 1983 murder of opposition leader Benigno S. Aquino Jr.
1991 – Zairian President Mobutu Sese Seko agrees to form a coalition government with opposition leaders after five days of rioting, the first time in his 26 years of rule that he agrees to share power.
1992 – A Pakistani airliner crashes into a hill as it tries to land in Nepal’s Katmandu Airport, killing all 167 people aboard.
1993 – A natural gas pipeline explodes beneath a busy highway in the Venezuelan capital of Caracas, killing 50 people.
1994 – The ferry Estonia sinks in a storm in the Baltic Sea, killing more than 900 people.
1995 – Israel and Palestinians sign a historic accord at the White House, in Washington, to extend Palestinian rule on the strife-ridden West Bank.
1996 – Palestinian Authority police stop Palestinians marching into Israeli army posts and Jewish settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
1997 – Swiss voters overwhelmingly approve their country’s liberal drug policies, including the dispensation of heroin to addicts.
1998 – Serbia’s premier Mirko Marjanovic says Kosovo’s armed separatists have been defeated and special police units will be withdrawn from the province.
2000 – Thousands of angry students clash with security forces after a court dismisses charges of massive corruption against Indonesian ex-dictator Suharto because of failing health.
2001 – The U.N. Security Council ends sanctions against Sudan. The sanctions had been imposed in 1996 after Sudan refused to extradite suspects in a 1995 attempt to assassinate Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. Both Egypt and Ethiopia, where the assassination attempt occurred, wanted the sanctions lifted.
2003 – Pope John Paul II appoints 31 Roman Catholic prelates to the College of Cardinals, entitling most of those selected to vote for the next pope.
2005 – The U.S. administration’s public relations chief meets with Turkish women activists and stresses the need for better dialogue between the two countries. The activists respond with a barrage of criticism of the U.S. war in Iraq.
2006 – Russia recalls its ambassador from Georgia and announces a partial evacuation of diplomats and their families from the former Soviet republic a day after Georgia detains five Russian officers on spying charges.
2007 – Soldiers in Myanmar club and drag away activists while firing tear gas and warning shots to break up demonstrations, and the government cuts Internet access, raising fears that a deadly crackdown will intensify.
2008 – Austrian 16-year-olds vote for the first time in parliamentary elections under a new law.
2009 – Rescuers pull more bodies from swollen rivers as residents start to dig out their homes from under carpets of mud after flooding left 140 people dead in the Philippine capital and surrounding towns.
2010 – The youngest son of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il is elected to his first prominent posts in the ruling Workers’ Party, putting him well on the path to succeed his father as leader of the nuclear-armed, reclusive nation.
2011 – The U.N. reports the monthly average of armed clashes, roadside bombings and other violence in Afghanistan is running 39 percent ahead of last year’s figure, with more complex suicide operations involving multiple bombers and gunmen.
2012 – President Barack Obama, citing national security risks, blocks a Chinese company from owning four wind farm projects in the western state of Oregon near a Navy base where the U.S. military flies unmanned drones and electronic-warfare planes on training missions.
Prosper Merimee, French author (1803-1870); Georges Clemenceau, French premier (1841-1929); Peter Finch, Australian actor (1916-1977); Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (1924-1996); Brigitte Bardot, French actress (1934–); Ben E. King, U.S. singer (1938–); John Sayles, U.S. film director/writer (1950–); Janeane Garofalo, actress (1964–); Mira Sorvino, actress (1967–); Naomi Watts, actress (1968–).
Thought For Today:
Time cools, time clarifies; no mood can be maintained quite unaltered through the course of hours — Thomas Mann, German writer (1875-1955).